Yoga-Based Counseling: Integrating Ancient Wisdom and Modern Psychology

Yoga-Based Counseling: Integrating Ancient Wisdom and Modern Psychology

Based on a research study:

Conceptual framework for yoga-based counseling: A systematic review of literature


Yoga, renowned for its therapeutic benefits in physical, mental, and spiritual well-being, has gained recognition as a powerful tool for counseling. While the practical aspects of yoga such as asana, pranayama, and meditation are well-explored, the counseling part of yoga therapy has its roots in ancient texts. This blog post aims to provide a simplified overview of a research study that explores yoga as a form of counseling and its integration into conventional counseling practices.

Understanding the Theoretical Foundations:

The study highlights the theoretical foundations of Yoga-Based Counseling (YBC) based on ancient Indian scriptures and philosophies. These include the Upanishadic concept of the mind, the Pancha Kosha concept of personality, Patanjali Yoga Sutras concept of the mind, and anecdotes from Indian literature. The Upanishadic concept emphasizes the interconnectedness of the body, mind, and consciousness. The Pancha Kosha model explores the different layers of human personality, while Patanjali Yoga Sutra delves into the modifications of the mind and the causes of suffering. Anecdotes from Indian literature, such as the Bhagavad Gita and Ramayana, provide valuable insights into the therapeutic aspects of YBC.

Integration of Yogic Practice and Psychotherapy:

The research study emphasizes the need for integration of yogic inquiry and practices into psychotherapy. It highlights the need for a systematic structure to facilitate the application of YBC. While yoga techniques like asana, breathing exercises and meditation have been incorporated into conventional counseling, a structured approach to YBC is essential. This includes adequately training counselors, assessing when and how to integrate YBC, and providing psychoeducation to clients about the benefits of yoga therapy and the nondual counseling relationship.

Stages of Yogic-Based Counseling:

YBC follows a series of stages that can be adapted to individual client needs. The first stage involves client assessment, where the therapist identifies the status of the mind and determines the affected kosha or layer of personality. Gunas, the psycho-spiritual components of an individual’s personality, are also considered. The next stage focuses on psychoeducation about yoga therapy and establishing a therapeutic relationship built on trust and rapport. Finally, various yogic practices are employed, including asanas, pranayama, relaxation techniques, meditations, storytelling,  data collecting, cognitive restructuring, and bliss efforts, to address psychological blockages and promote holistic well-being.


Yoga-Based Counseling offers a unique and effective approach to psychological counseling by combining ancient wisdom and modern psychology. The integration of yoga techniques into conventional counseling practices can enhance therapeutic outcomes and provide clients with valuable tools for self-discovery and healing. By understanding the theoretical foundations and stages of YBC, therapists can incorporate this holistic approach into their practice and guide individuals on a transformative journey towards improved mental health and well-being.

Nondual Counseling

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